Belief in One God
At the heart of Islam lies belief in ONE GOD, we call him Allah. Bearing witness to the phrase, La illaha illa Allah, “There is no true God deserving worship but Allah.” The testimony to this belief, called tawhid, is the axis around which all Islam revolves. Moreover, it is the first of the two testimonies by which a person becomes a Muslim. Striving after the realization of that oneness, or tawhid, is the core of Islamic life. The belief in Allah is a stringent and strict monotheism.
Allah is One, i.e., One without peer, and One in absolute unity. He is NOT One among many, nor even One among others, but One in total uniqueness. His very uniqueness defies total comprehension by the limited human intellect. He is without beginning and without end, and there is nothing comparable to Him.
Allah is the One true God, besides Whom there is no other. The most perfect, beautiful, and sublime expression of this Oneness of Allah is to be found in the Quran chapter, The Purity of Faith: “In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful. Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the eternal, absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; and there is none like unto Him.” (Quran 112:1-4)
He is known by the name Allah. Allah is the Creator & Sustainer of the universe. Allah is The One without partner, The Encompassing of all that exists and He is unique in every way. Allah does not beget, nor is he begotten. He creates and he was not created. He is not married and does not have parents, family or children. Allah is unique. Allah has no partners in power and nothing is equal or higher in status than Allah. Everything else is subordinate to Allah. Not only can no one be worshipped apart from Him, absolutely no one else can be worshipped along with Him. He has no partners or associates in worship. Worship, in its comprehensive sense and in all its aspects, is for Him alone. Only Allah, The Most Benevolent, has the right to be worshiped and nothing and no one else has that right.
Worship in Islam consists of every act, belief, statement, or sentiment of the heart which God approves and loves; everything that brings a person closer to His Creator. It includes ‘external’ worship like the daily ritual prayers, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage as well as ‘internal’ worship such as faith in the six articles of faith, reverence, adoration, love, gratitude, and reliance.
He, Allah is not the god of just one selected nation or ethnic group. Allah is the god of all mankind, of all forms of life, of all creations, and of all worlds.
We also get to know him more by His most beautiful names and attributes which appear in revealed Islamic texts (Quran and Hadith). Only a few mentioned below.
Allah is The Compassionate (Ar-Raheem), The One Incomparable (Al-‘Ahad), The Ever-Living (Al-Hayy), Knowing (Al-‘Aleem), The All-Seeing (al-Baseer), The All-Sustaining (Al-Qayyum), The Acceptor of Repentance (At-Tawwaab), The All- The All-Hearing (As-Samee’), The Helper (al-Naseer), The Forgiver" (Al-Ghafur), The Acceptor of Repentance " (At-Tawwaab) and "The Pardoner" (Al-‘Afuw). The Oft-Forgiving" (Al-Ghaf-faar),